Holy Quran has always called on people to study earth and the phenomena of the universe.
In this domain, countless books and articles have been penned in different scientific courses, all of which have spoken of the grandeur of Holy Quran and the compatibility of ayahs of this Holy Book with the latest scientific achievements and discoveries.
Today, we speak of one of the wonders of creation, which Holy Quran has mentioned and pointed out, and which is currently considered as a scientific fact.
Holy Quran is a radiant sun, which fades away darkness and guides mankind toward prosperity. This Holy Book, in line with its general goals, at times mentions a number of scientific facts. These mentioned facts uncover some of the mysteries in creation of the world, nature, and mankind, and have inspired scientists and thinkers. Several ayahs of Holy Quran call on mankind to study the phenomena of the universe. Meanwhile, valuable books and articles have been published by thinkers and researchers on Holy Quran’s scientific discussions; all of which speak of the grandeur of this Holy Book and the compatibility of its ayahs with the latest scientific discoveries.
The French physician, Maurice Bucaille, who converted to Islam after carrying out several studies on Holy Quran, writes how can one not be astounded by the compatibility of ayahs of Holy Quran with the latest scientific discoveries?
He compares Quranic scientific teachings with the common knowledge of scientists in the era of the revelation of Holy Quran. He notes given the state of science in the era of the Prophet of Islam, Mohammad (Blessings of God upon him and his progeny), one cannot imagine that the Quranic scientific texts are the products of human mind. Therefore it is certain to say that the one and only creator of the world, God Almighty has descended Holy Quran to the Prophet of Islam.
Now, let’s study the other scientific miracles of Holy Quran. One of the astonishing facts of the world is the notion of expanding universe. This phenomenon which was unknown to mankind up to a while ago is currently considered as a scientific fact. Today, scientists have discovered that the universe is expanding. This means that all stars in each of galaxies swiftly drift apart from the center of galaxies, while the galaxies also drift apart from each other. Scientists have measured and calculated the speed of the expanding universe in many cases. The fastest speed ever recorded in retreatment of planets, is roughly 66,000 kilometers per second. Moreover, the pictures taken by advanced telescopes show farther galaxies drift apart from each other at a faster pace compared to galaxies, which are closer to us.
Today, astronomers believe that the universe is expanding. This means that wherever we look, galaxies drift apart from each other every moment. For instance, it can be said while you are listening to this sentence, some galaxies have increased their distance from earth by another 300,000 kilometers. Galaxies are drifting apart from each other, as if though a bullet has been exploded in midair, and galaxies are the parts of it which are swiftly drifting apart from each other.
Undoubtedly, the notion of expanding universe is closely tied to the beginning of the world’s creation. Scientists believe that in distant past, planets and galaxies were in the form of heavy masses of condensed gas. Meanwhile, a Big Bang took place 13 to 14 billion years ago; as the result of which the scattered parts shaped galaxies that are currently expanding.
For clarification of this fact, let’s pay attention to the view of Holy Quran on creation.
The 11th ayah of Surat Fussilat in Holy Quran notes: Then He turned to the heaven, and it was smoke, and He said to it and to the earth, ‘Come! Willingly or unwillingly!’ They said, ‘We come heartily.’
As it is clear from this ayah, God refers to smoke or gas as the first materials of galaxies. This shows that in the beginning of creation, sky was filled with huge masses of gas.
Meanwhile, currently many stars are compact masses of gas. The observations of scientists about distant galaxies are developing, which go to show that in the beginning, the world was filled with huge masses of dense gases.
In fact, the view of Holy Quran about the creation of the world highly matches the latest scientific discoveries on the creation of the world.
Another ayah of Holy Quran refers to the beginning of creation of the world. God in the 30th ayah of Surat al-Anbiya in Holy Quran notes: “Have the faithless not regarded that the heavens and the earth were interwoven and We unraveled them, and We made every living thing out of water? Will they not then have faith?”
This ayah refers to beginning of creation of the world in which heavens and the earth were interwoven. Meanwhile, according to scientists, the world was a huge bundle of masses of hot gas, which imploded, scattering these masses of gas, as a result of which galaxies and stars, the Solar System, and planet earth were created.
The notion of the expanding universe was first clarified in the year 1929. On that year, the astronomer, Edwin Hubble, with his telescope, realized that distant galaxies swiftly drift apart from earth. He discussed this topic of importance with other scientists and astronomers. Others also measured the distances of faraway galaxies from earth, and concluded that galaxies are drifting apart from earth. In this manner, the scientific circles realized that the universe is expanding.
Now, what is the view of Holy Quran about the expanding of universe?
The 47th ayah of Surat al-Dhariyat in Holy Quran notes: “We have built the sky with might, and indeed it is We who are its expanders.”
According to this ayah, the universe is expanding. This is a scientific fact which was proved in early 20th Century. The notion of the expanding universe was first presented by the Russian scientist and physicist, Alexander Friedmann, and Belgian researcher, George Lemaitre, in the form of a theory, which was proved by the American astronomer, Edwin Hubble, in the year 1929 AD.
The interesting point about this ayah of Holy Quran is that it has used present tense, showing the continuation of expansion of the universe.
Currently, the scientists have also realized that the expansion of the universe is a permanent process. This irrefutable fact was clearly pointed out by Holy Quran 1400 years ago. Can one say that the Quranic comments about the universe have been based on guesses? Was there any way to find out such scientific facts in the era of revelation of Holy Quran; within which scientists maintained negligible knowledge about the movement of galaxies and stars? Given that this fact has been discovered less than a century ago, presentation of this scientific fact by Holy Quran once again proves the miraculous nature of this Holy Book and shows that the one and only creator of the world, God Almighty, has descended Holy Quran to the Prophet of Islam.