ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﺧﻼﻓﺖ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﯿﮧ ﮐﮯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻋﮩﺪ ﮐﯽ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺳﮯ ﺍﯾﮏ

ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﺧﻼﻓﺖ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﯿﮧ ﮐﮯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻋﮩﺪ ﮐﯽ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺳﮯ ﺍﯾﮏ ﮨﮯ ﺍﻭﺭﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﺳﮯ 30 ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍِﺱ ﮐﯽ ﺑﻨﯿﺎﺩ ﺭﮐﮭﯽ ﮔﺌﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺍِﻥ ﺗﯿﺲ ﺳﺎﻟﻮﮞ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺍِﺱ ﮐﯽ ﺷﺎﻥ ﮐﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﮦ ﯾﻮﮞ ﻟﮕﺎﯾﺎ ﺟﺎ ﺳﮑﺘﺎ ﮨﮯ ﮐﮧ ﺍِﺱ ﮐﮯ ﺳﺎﻣﻨﮯ ﺗﻮ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﮏ ﻃﻮﺳﯽ ﮐﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮ ﮐﺮﻭﺍﯾﺎ ﮨﻮﺍ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﯿﮧ ﺑﮭﯽ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﭘﮍ ﮔﯿﺎ۔ ﯾﮧ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﮐﮯ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻮﮞ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺍِﻧﺘﮩﺎﺋﯽ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻟﯿﺸﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺯ ﭘﺮ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮ ﮐﯿﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﯽ ﻋﮩﺪ ﺯﺭﯾﮟ ﻣﯿﮟ ﯾﮧ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﺍﭘﻨﮯ ﻋﺮﻭﺝ ﮐﻮ ﭘﮩﻨﭽﺎ ﮨﻮﺍ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ ﺍﺏ ﺗﮏ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺩﻧﯿﺎﺀ ﮐﮯ ﻗﺪﯾﻢ ﺗﺮﯾﻦ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﮨﮯ۔

ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﯽ ﺑﻨﯿﺎﺩ ﺳﻨﮧ 625 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ
1227 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺭﮐﮭﯽ ﮔﺌﯽ ﺟﺒﮑﮧ ﺧﻠﯿﻔﮧ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﯽ
ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﮧ ﮐﯽ ﺧﻼﻓﺖ ﮐﻮ ﻣﮑﻤﻞ 2 ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺰﺭ ﭼﮑﮯ ﺗﮭﮯ۔ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﯽ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮ ﺳﻨﮧ 631 ﮪ ﻣﯿﮟ ﭘﺎﯾﮧ ﺗﮑﻤﯿﻞ ﮐﻮ ﭘﮩﻨﭽﯽ۔ ﯾﻮﮞ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮ ﻣﯿﮟ ﮐﻞ 7 ﺳﺎﻝ ﺻﺮﻑ ﮨﻮﺋﮯ۔ﯾﮧ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﺩﺭﯾﺎﺋﮯ ﺩﺟﻠﮧ ﮐﮯ ﻗﺮﯾﺐ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮ ﮐﯿﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ۔ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﮦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﺎ ﺷﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺒﯽ ﮐﮯ ﻗﺮﯾﺐ ﮨﮯ ﺟﻮ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﮨﮯ۔

ﻣﻮﺭﺥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺫﮨﺒﯽ ﺑﯿﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺗﮯ ﮨﯿﮟ ﮐﮧ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﮯ ﻭﻗﻒ ﮐﺎ ﻣﯿﺰﺍﻥ ﮨﯽ ﺻﺮﻑ 70 ﮨﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺜﻘﺎﻝ ﺳﮯ ﺯﺍﺋﺪ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﯽ ﺑﻨﯿﺎﺩ 625 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1228 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺭﮐﮭﯽ ﮔﺌﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﯾﮧ ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺕ 631 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1234 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻣﮑﻤﻞ ﮨﻮﺋﯽ ۔ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮ ﭘﺮ ﺳﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺻﺮﻑ ﮨﻮﺋﮯ۔ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺍﯾﮏ ﮐﺘﺐ ﺧﺎﻧﮧ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﮐﯿﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ ﺟﺲ ﻣﯿﮟ 160 ﺍﻭﻧﭩﻮﮞ ﭘﺮ ﮐﺘﺐ ﻻﺩ ﮐﺮ ﻻﺋﯽ ﮔﺌﯽ ﺗﮭﯿﮟ ﺟﻮ ﻧﮩﺎﯾﺖ ﻧﻔﯿﺲ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺪﮦ ﺗﮭﯿﮟ۔ 248 ﻓﻘﮩﺎﺀ ﭼﺎﺭﻭﮞ ﻣﺬﺍﮨﺐ ﮐﮯ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺗﮭﮯ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﯿﮟ 4 ﻣﺪﺭﺱ ﺗﮭﮯ۔

ﺣﺪﯾﺚ ، ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻃﺐ ، ﻓﺮﺍﺋﺾ ﮐﮯ ﻋﻠﯿﺤﺪﮦ ﻋﻠﯿﺤﺪﮦ ﺍُﺳﺎﺗﺬﮦ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺗﮭﮯ۔ ﺍِﻥ ﺳﺐ ﮐﮯ ﻃﻌﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻗﯿﺎﻡ ﺍﻭﺭﺧﻮﺭﺍﮎ ﺍﻋﻠﯽٰ ﮐﺎ ﺑﻨﺪﻭﺑﺴﺖ ﮐﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺭﺍ ﺍِﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﮐﯿﺎ ﺟﺎﺗﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ 300 ﯾﺘﯿﻢ ﺑﭽﮯ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺗﻌﻠﯿﻢ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﮐﯿﺎ ﮐﺮﺗﮯ ﺗﮭﮯ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺍُﻥ ﮐﯽ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻠﯿﻢ ﮐﯽ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﮯ ﺍِﻧﺘﮩﺎﺀ ﻣﺎﻝ ﻭﻗﻒ ﮐﯿﺎ ﺟﺎﺗﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺫﮨﺒﯽ ﻧﮯ ﺍُﻥ ﮔﺎﻭﮞ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺯﻣﯿﻨﻮﮞ ﮐﯽ ﻓﮩﺮﺳﺖ ﺑﮭﯽ ﺩﯼ ﮨﮯ ﺟﻦ ﮐﯽ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﮯ ﻟﯿﮯ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺗﮭﯽ۔

ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﮯ ﮐﺘﺐ ﺧﺎﻧﮧ ﮐﮯ ﻟﯿﮯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﻠﯿﻔﮧ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﮧ ﻧﮯ 80 ﮨﺰﺍﺭ ﮐﺘﺐ ﻓﺮﺍﮨﻢ ﮐﯿﮟ۔ ﮐﺘﺐ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﮦ ﮐﺎ ﯾﮧ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﮧ ﺁﺋﻨﺪﮦ ﺗﯿﺲ ﺳﺎﻟﻮﮞ ﻣﯿﮟ 4 ﻻﮐﮫ ﮐﮯ ﻗﺮﯾﺐ ﭘﮩﻨﭻ ﭼﮑﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺋﮯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻧﮯ ﺑﮭﯽ ﺍﭘﻨﯽ ﺗﺼﺎﻧﯿﻒ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﻮ ﻓﺮﺍﮨﻢ ﮐﯿﮟ ﺗﺎﮐﮧ ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺀ ﺍُﻥ ﺳﮯ ﻣﺴﺘﻔﯿﺪ ﮨﻮﺳﮑﯿﮟ۔

ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1235 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﮯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﯽ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﮦ ﮐﮯ ﺳﺎﻣﻨﮯ ﭘﺎﻧﯽ ﮐﯽ ﻣﺪﺩ ﺳﮯ ﭼﻠﻨﮯ ﻭﺍﻻ ﮔﮭﮍﯾﺎﻝ ﻧﺼﺐ ﮐﯿﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺟﻮ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺻﻠﻮٰۃ ﮐﯽ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺪﮨﯽ ﮐﮯ ﻟﯿﮯ ﮔﮭﻨﭩﮧ ﺑﺠﺎﯾﺎ ﮐﺮﺗﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ۔ ﯾﮧ ﮔﮭﮍﯾﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺩﻥ ﮐﮯ ﮔﮭﻨﭩﻮﮞ ﮐﺎ ﺗﻌﯿﻦ ﮐﺮﺗﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ ﺟﺲ ﺳﮯ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﮩﺖ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﮨﻮﮔﯿﺎ ﺗﮭﺎ۔

ﻣﺎﮦ ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﻡ 656 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺭﯼ
1258 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺟﺐ ﮨﻼﮐﻮ ﺧﺎﻥ ﻧﮯ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﭘﺮ ﻟﺸﮑﺮ ﮐﺸﯽ ﮐﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺧﻼﻓﺖ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﯿﮧ ﮐﺎ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﮧ ﮨﻮﮔﯿﺎ ﺗﻮ ﺷﮩﺮ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺗﺎﺗﺎﺭﯾﻮﮞ ﮐﯽ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﯼ ﻋﺎﻡ ﮨﻮﺋﯽ۔ ﺍِﺳﯽ ﻟﻮﭦ ﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﯼ ﮐﮯ ﻧﺘﯿﺠﮯ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺷﮩﺮ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﮐﯽ ﻗﺪﯾﻤﯽ ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻤﯿﺖ ﮐﺌﯽ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮﺍﺗﯽ ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﮭﯽ ﻣﻨﮩﺪﻡ ﮐﺮ ﺩﯼ ﮔﺌﯿﮟ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﮐﮯ ﺍِﺱ ﺣﻤﻠﮧ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﻣﻨﮩﺪﻡ ﮨﻮﻧﮯ ﺳﮯ ﺑﭻ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺟﻮ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺗﺎﺗﺎﺭﯾﻮﮞ ﮐﯽ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﯼ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻅ ﺭﮨﻨﮯ ﻭﺍﻟﯽ ﺍﯾﮏ ﺩﻭ ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺳﮯ ﮨﮯ۔

795 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1393 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﯿﮧ ﮐﮯ ﺳﺎﺗﮫ ﮐﺮ ﺩﯾﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ۔ﺍُﺱ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﯿﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﯽ ﺑﻨﯿﺎﺩ ﮐﻮ 170 ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺰﺭ ﭼﮑﮯ ﺗﮭﮯ۔ﺍِﺱ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﮐﮯ ﻧﺘﯿﺠﮯ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﯿﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﮯ ﮐﺘﺐ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﮦ ﮐﺎ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﮧ ﺑﮩﺖ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﮨﻮﺍ۔ ﮐﺌﯽ ﮐﺘﺐ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﮨﻮﮔﺌﯿﮟ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻏﺎﺋﺐ ﮐﺮ ﺩﯼ ﮔﺌﯿﮟ۔ ﺍِﺱ ﮐﺎﻡ ﻣﯿﮟ ﮐﺌﯽ ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺩﯼ ﺷﺨﺼﯿﺎﺕ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﮭﯿﮟ۔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﮞ ﯾﮧ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻮﮞ ﮐﮯ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﻧﺴﺨﮯ ﺍُﻥ ﮐﮯ ﮨﻤﺮﺍﮦ ﺩﻭﺳﺮﮮ ﻣﻤﺎﻟﮏ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﮨﻮﮔﺌﮯ۔

ﺳﺎﻝ 940 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1534 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺳﻠﯿﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻧﮯ ﺟﺐ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﭘﺮ ﺣﻤﻠﮧ ﮐﯿﺎ ﺍﻭﺭ ﺻﻔﻮﯾﻮﮞ ﮐﻮ ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﮨﻮﺋﯽ ﺗﻮ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﮦِ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻠﻄﻨﺖ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯿﮧ ﮐﺎ ﺻﻮﺑﮧ ﺑﻦ ﮔﯿﺎ۔ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﮨﻮ ﺟﺎﻧﮯ ﭘﺮ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﻮ ﺑﻨﺪ ﮐﺮ ﺩﯾﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﺳﮯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﮐﺘﺐ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﮦ ﮐﮯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﮧ ﮐﻮ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻟﺤﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺒﻮﻝ ﻟﮯ ﺟﺎﯾﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺟﮩﺎﮞ ﻭﮦ ﺷﺎﮨﯽ ﮐﺘﺐ ﺧﺎﻧﮧ ﮐﯽ ﺯﯾﻨﺖ ﺑﻦ ﮔﺌﯿﮟ۔

1345 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1927 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺍِﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﻮ ﺟﺪﯾﺪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺳﮯ ﺁﺭﺍﺳﺘﮧ ﮐﯿﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺍﻭﺭ 1382 ﮪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ 1963 ﺀ ﻣﯿﮟ ﺟﺎﻣﻌۃ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﯾﮧ ﮐﺎ ﺣﺼﮧ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺩﯾﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﺟﻮ ﺍﺑﮭﯽ ﺗﮏ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﮨﮯ۔ﺍﺱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﮧ ﮐﻮ ﻣﺰﯾﺪ ﺗﻌﻤﯿﺮﺍﺕ ﮐﮯ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺳﮯ ﮔﺰﺭﺗﮯ ﮨﻮﺋﮯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﮦ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺷﮑﻞ ﻣﯿﮟ ﮈﮬﺎﻝ ﺩﯾﺎ ﮔﯿﺎ ﮨﮯ۔

Mustansiriya Madrasah (Arabic , ﺍﻟﻤﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﻳﺔ ) is a historical building in Baghdad, Iraq . It was the premises of one of the oldest Islamic institutions of higher learning in the world, established in 1227 as a madrasah by the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustansir making it one of the oldest madrasahs in the world. It is located on the left bank of the Tigris River, the building survived the Mongol sack of 1258 , and has been restored. Nearby buildings included the Saray souq , the Baghdadi Museum, Mutanabbi Street , the Abbasid Palace and Caliph’s Street.

Its library had an initial collection of 80,000 volumes, given by the Caliph. The collection was said to have grown to 400,000 volumes, although the reports of both these figures may have been exaggerated to flatter the donors. The library certainly survived the Mongol incursion. It was merged with that of Nizamiyah Madrasah in 1393 A.D., although this collection was subsequently dispersed or disappeared.

After the Ottomans captured Baghdad in 1534 A.D., books from the palaces and libraries were taken as the spoils of war to become an important part of the royal library in Istanbul, and Al-Mustansiriyah was closed.

In 1235, an early monumental water-powered alarm clock that announced the appointed hours of prayer and the time both by day and by night was completed in the entrance hall of the Mustansiriya Madrasah in Baghdad .

The Mustansriya Madrasah is still functioning in a new building, and is now part of the Al-Mustansiriya University , following an expansion and restructuring of the original madrasah in 1927 as part of a program of modernization.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustansiriya_School

https://www.cemml.colostate.edu/cultu…/09476/iraq05-013.html

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Mustansiriya_University