Beautiful synthesis .
Mosque of 99 domes ,
Mosque of Asmaul Husnah 99 Kubah, Destination of Religious Tourism in the City of Makassar.
Mosque of Asmaul Husnah 99 Kubah, Destination of Religious Tourism in the City of Makassar.
In this post I will present an article about one of the grandest mosques in Indonesia, where the mosque is one of the most unique mosques in the world and in Indonesia and is the center of Muslim activities in Makassar, the eastern region of Indonesia that can accommodate worship and Islamic activities.
If Aceh has the Baiturrahman Mosque as a magnificent Religious Tourism Object standing in Banda Aceh City, where the building has several umbrellas that resemble the Medina Mosque so Baiturrahman Mosque is the most visited Religious Tourism object by foreign and local tourists in Aceh Province.
So in Makassar, South Sulawesi, the Asmaul Husna 99 Kubah Mosque will be established, which will become a religious tourism destination for Indonesia. The 99-dome mosque located in the Center Point of Indonesia (CPI) area will become a new landmark in the city of Makassar, this South Sulawesi Provincial government project will soon be completed.
The Asmaul Husna 99 Dome Mosque located on the edge of Losari Makassar Beach will be a new icon of South Sulawesi, this mosque was designed by Ridwan Kamil who also designed the Aceh Tsunami Museum in Banda Aceh.
The mosque which has 99 domes is built on the allocation of two hectares of reclamation land. The main building is planned to have one floor with an area of 72 x 45 meters, plus open space that doubles as a place of worship as well as religious recreation. This mosque can accommodate 13 thousand worshipers.
Located on the shore of the beach this mosque has a remarkable interior and exterior concept, where the mosque consists of two floors and semi basement. The semi basement is used for toilets, ablutions, foundation offices, and galleries. While the first floor is for the men’s prayer room, the courtyard of the congregation, Islamic book, and Muslim clothing. 2nd floor or Mezzanie for women’s prayer room and Watet front view.
This mosque can accommodate around 13,075 worshipers. with details, there are 3,880 prayer rooms, 1,005 mezzanine worshipers, and 8,190 congregations.
For a mosque area of up to 20,155 square meters with a diameter of 160 m. Parking basement of 10,185 square meters, ablution & toilet area 924 square meters, outdoor courtyard 4,775 square meters, sacred courtyard 5,897 square meters, mosque body 5,075 square meters, prayer room 2,793 square meters, danmezzanine 724 square meters.
Mosque 99 Dome also has a dancing fountain located in front of the mosque, Technically this fountain has a pool length of 98 meters, a pool width of 7 meters, a pool height of 1 meter. This fountain has 213 nozzles which can spray 17 meters of water and are driven by 80 pumps. Each of these nozzles has its own lighting with a variation of seven colors. This dancing fountain, will be the first with a large size outside of Java and the second longest in straight size after the Sri Baduga Purwakarta fountain. This fountain will be lit for 30 minutes, after Maghrib prayer until before the evening prayer.
This mosque has the main electricity source from PLN and emergency needs using silent genset that can meet 50 percent of electricity needs, 72 mx 45 m mosque takes water directly from Makassar PDAM by utilizing graoundtank and rooftank for shelter and distribution by grativitation to toilets, ablution places and other sources needed. This mosque is also energy efficient by using natural gas and natural lighting, ceilings and walls using Acoustic.
This mosque has a very large garden area, the green garden area makes the atmosphere even cooler.
As per the design, this mosque uses 99 domes, according to the Husnah asmaul, this magnificent mosque will certainly be magical not only for Muslim worshipers but also for travelers. In addition to the magnificent buildings, the location is also interesting because it is on the beach. Surrounding luxury properties, residential complexes, shop houses, malls, and apartments. The presence of the 99-dome mosque will further complement the rows of magnificent mosques in Makassar, not only as a place of worship but as a tourist attraction. Even a land mark.
This mosque was built in the CPI water front concept area, which mimics the concepts of Singapore and Dubai in Emirate Arab, which is to focus on one of the objects of luxury property on the coastal area. Around the mosque, commercial property and some public facilities were built for residents to visit.
If you visit Makassar City, South Sulawesi, don’t forget to stop by to visit the mosque, because this mosque has extraordinary splendor and beauty. Although the stage of the process has not been finished one hundred percent now the mosque is visited by many tourists. You can see this in various social media posts in the world.
Thus my post, hopefully useful for you. Sorry if there is any similarity or false words in the post.
Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta
Istiqlal Mosque, largest mosque in Indonesia and South East Asia
Religion – Islam
Branch/tradition Universal Sunni
Prof. Dr. K. H. Nasaruddin Umar (Grand Imam)
Drs. H. Syarifuddin Muhammad (Deputy Grand Imam)
H. Hasanuddin Sinaga
Cdre (Ret.) H. Asep Saefuddin
Location Jakarta, Indonesia
Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta is located in IndonesiaIstiqlal Mosque, Jakarta
Location in Indonesia
Administration Ministry of State Secretariat with Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia
Geographic coordinates 6°10′11″S 106°49′51″ECoordinates: 6°10′11″S 106°49′51″E
Architect(s) Frederich Silaban
Style New Formalism (architecture)
General contractor Republic of Indonesia
Date established 1978 (renovated in 2019-2020)
Construction cost Rp 7 billion (US$ 12 million)
Capacity 200,000 people
Dome dia. (outer) 45 m (148 ft)
Minaret height 96.66 metres or 317.1 feet high; 66.66 m or 218.7 ft marble coated structure; plus 30 m or 98 ft stainless steel pinnacle
Materials steel and concrete structure, marble tiles on floors, walls and domes, ceramics tiles, stainless steel ornaments and metalworks
Istiqlal Mosque (Indonesian: Masjid Istiqlal, lit. ‘Independence Mosque’) in Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and the third largest Sunni mosque in term of capacity This national mosque of Indonesia was built to commemorate Indonesian independence and named “Istiqlal”, an Arabic word for “independence”. The mosque was opened to the public 22 February 1978. Within Jakarta, the mosque is positioned next to Merdeka Square and the Jakarta Cathedral.
Before the mosque
The Wilhelminapark and the Citadel Prins Frederik in 1946.
The mosque was formerly the location of the Wilhelminapark and a 19th-century Citadel.
Design and competition
After the Indonesian National Revolution 1945–1949, followed by the recognition of Indonesian independence from The Netherlands in 1949, there was a growing idea to build a national mosque for the new republic, which had the largest Muslim population in the world.The idea of constructing a grand Indonesian national mosque was launched by Wahid Hasyim, Indonesia’s first minister for religions affairs,and Anwar Cokroaminoto, later appointed as the chairman of the Masjid Istiqlal Foundation. The committee for the construction of the Istiqlal Mosque, led by Cokroaminoto, was founded in 1953. He proposed the idea of a national mosque to Indonesian President Sukarno, who welcomed the idea and later helped to supervise the mosque’s construction. In 1954 the committee appointed Sukarno technical chief supervisor.:106
Several locations were proposed; Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian vice president, suggested that the mosque should be built near residential areas on Thamrin avenue, on a plot where Hotel Indonesia stands today. However, Sukarno insisted that a national mosque should be located near the most important square of the nation, near the Merdeka Palace. This is in accordance with the Javanese tradition that the kraton (king’s palace) and masjid agung (grand mosque) should be located around the alun-alun (main Javanese city square), which means it must be near Merdeka Square. Sukarno also insisted that the national mosque should be built near Jakarta Cathedral and Immanuel Church, to symbolize religious harmony and tolerance as promoted in Pancasila (the Indonesian national philosophy and the five principles which constitute the philosophical foundation of Indonesian nationhood). It was later decided that the national mosque was going to be built in Taman Widjaja Kusuma (formerly Wilhelmina park), in front of the Jakarta Cathedral. To make way for the mosque, the Citadel Prins Frederick, built in 1837, was demolished.
Sukarno actively followed the planning and construction of the mosque, including acting as the chairman of the jury for the mosque design competition held in 1955. The design submitted by Frederich Silaban, a Christian architect from North Sumatra, with the theme “Ketuhanan” (English: “Divinity”) was chosen as the winner.
The foundation stone was laid by Sukarno on 24 August 1961;the construction took 17 years. President Suharto inaugurated it as the national mosque on 22 February 1978. As of 2013 it is the largest mosque in the region of Southeast Asia, with a capacity of over 120,000.
On Friday night, 14 April 1978 a plastic bomb exploded near the mimbar in Istiqlal Mosque, no casualties in this explosion.More than 20 years later, on 19 April 1999 a second bomb attack exploded in basement of the mosque, breaking the glass of the office rooms.
Between May 2019 to July 2020 the mosque undergone major renovation. Among other by polishing and cleaning the marble exterior and stainless steel geometric ornamentation, new mihrab and mimbar, upgrading electrical and plumbing systems, new lighting system using LED lamps, renovation of VIP rooms, new gates and improvements of garden, park and plaza, new kiosk for vendors, and also two storied basement parking space. The mosque is planned to reopen in July 2020.
A tunnel connecting Istiqlal Mosque and St. Mary of the Assumption Cathedral is being constructed by Indonesian authorities. This tunnel, known as the “Terowongan Silaturahmi” (Tunnel of Friendship), is expected to finish in April 2020 before Ramadan 2020.
Inscription of the Inauguration of the Istiqlal Mosque in 1978
The ablution room of the mosque, located on ground floor near the seven gates.
The mosque has seven entrances, and all seven gates are named after Al-Asmaul-Husna, the names of God in Islam. The number seven represents the Seven Heavens in Islamic cosmology. The wudu (ablution) fountains are on the ground floor, while the main prayer hall and main courtyard are on the first floor. The building consists of two connected rectangular structures: the main structure and the smaller secondary structure. The smaller one serves as main gate as well as stairs and prayer spaces.
There are seven entrance gates to the Istiqlal Mosque. Each door is named after one of the 99 Names of Allah. Below are lists of entrance gates into the complex of Istiqlal Mosque:
Al Fattah/الفتاح (“The Opener”): Located opposite of the Jakarta Cathedral. This is the main entrance for visitors, which also leads to the main parking area.
Ar Rozzaq/ٱلْرَّزَّاقُ (“The Provider”): Located at Jalan Perwira. The door leads to the main parking area.
As Salam/ٱلْسَّلَامُ (“The Peace”): Entrance for important guests e.g. clerics or ambassadors. The entrance leads to the front rows near the imam.
Al Quddus/ٱلْقُدُّوسُ (“The Holy”): Located on the northeast of the mosque complex.
Al Malik/الملك (“The King”): Located on the west of the mosque complex. Used for very important guests e.g. the president of Indonesia or other important guests.
Al Ghaffar/ٱلْغَفَّارُ (“The Forgiving”): Located on the south end of the courtyard hall building, just below the minaret of Istiqlal Mosque. This door is the closest to the southeast gate as well as the furthest from the mosque mihrab.
Ar Rahman/ٱلْرَّحْمَان (“The Compassion”): Located on the southwest corner of the mosque’s hall building, near the entrance gate of Al Malik.
The interior of Istiqlal mosque; the grand domed prayer hall supported by 12 columns
The rectangular main prayer hall building is covered by a 45-m diameter central spherical dome; the number “45” symbolizes the 1945 Proclamation of Indonesian Independence.The main dome is adorned with a stainless steel ornamental pinnacle in the form of a crescent and star, the symbol of Islam. The smaller secondary dome is also adorned with a stainless steel pinnacle with the name of Allah (God) in Islamic calligraphy.
The dome is supported by twelve round columns, and the prayer hall is surrounded by rectangular piers carrying four levels of balconies. Twelve columns represent the (mostly accepted) birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in 12th Rabi’ al-awwal.
The mihrab and minbar in main hall
The main floor and the four levels of balconies make five floors in all; the number “5” represents the Five Pillars of Islam and also Pancasila, Staircases at the corners of the building give access to all floors. The main hall is reached through an entrance covered by a dome 8 meters in diameter; the number 8 symbolizes August, the month of Indonesian Independence. The interior design is minimalist, simple and clean-cut, with a minimum of stainless steel geometric ornaments. The 12 columns are covered with stainless steel. On the main wall on qibla there is a mihrab and minbar in the center. On the main wall, there is a large metalwork in Arabic calligraphy, spelling the name of Allah on the right side and Muhammad on the left side, and also calligraphy of Surah Thaha 14th verse in the center. The metalworks, stainless steel covers and ornaments were imported from Germany. Originally, as in the National Monument nearby, the white marbles were planned to be imported from Italy. However to cut costs and support the local marble industry, it was later decided that the marbles would be from Tulungagung marble quarries in East Java instead.
Istiqlal minaret with the Monas monument in the background
The main structure is directly connected to the arcades that are spread around the large courtyard. The arcades connect the main building with a single minaret in the southern corner. Unlike many Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Indian mosques with multiple minarets, Istiqlal mosque has a single minaret to symbolize the divine oneness of God. It is 66.66 m tall to symbolize (incorrectly[failed verification]) the 6,666 verses in the Quran.The 30-metre-high stainless steel pinnacle on top of the minaret symbolizes the 30 juz’ of the Quran.On the southern side near the minaret there is also a large bedug (large wooden drum made of cow skin).In common with the entire Islamic world, traditionally Muslims in Indonesia use the drum with the adhan (call to prayer). The mosque offices, function hall, and madrasah are on the ground floor. The mosque provides facilities for social and cultural activities.
Some Muslims in Indonesia said Istiqlal’s dome and minaret structure was much too modern and Arabic in style. They regarded the architecture as being out of harmony with Islamic culture and architecture in Indonesia. In response, former president Suharto began an initiative to construct more mosques of the Javanese triple-roofed design.
– Istiqlal Mosque can hold pilgrims as many as 200,000 people consisting of:
– The main prayer room and balcony and wing contain 61,000 people.
– The space in the preliminary building contains 8,000 people.
– The open terrace room on the 2nd floor contains 50,000 people.
– All corridors and other places contain 81,000 people.
In display of religious tolerance, during large Christian celebrations such as Christmas, Istiqlal Mosque helped provide parking space for worshipers of the nearby Jakarta Cathedral.
Sound system and multimedia
For the purpose of worship and information facilities Istiqlal Mosque uses a centrally controlled sound system located on the rear glass room of the second floor, with the number of speakers as many as 200 channels spread on the main floor.
The number of speakers contained in the corridor, connecting building and preliminary building are 158 channels. The sound system is controlled by 26 amplifiers and 5 (five) mixers and is supervised by six people who take turns both day and night when in use.
To support the smooth communication at the time of worship and activity, on the main floor has also been installed plasma TV system so that access information can be followed evenly by the pilgrims who are throughout the main room of the mosque that cannot see the preacher.
The fountain with the Monas monument in the background
Istiqlal mosque is located on former Wilhelmina Park, thus prior of mosque construction, there are numbers of decorative plants and trees planted in the garden. Some of garden’s old large trees might be hundred years old. The park is also the location of a river branch, the distributary of Ciliwung river, completed with floodgates. The original river branch went westward to Molenvliet and turned northward along canal towards its estuarine in old Batavia. The other branch turned northward to a floodgate which drain eastward along a canal in front of Pasar Baru, the canal turned north along Jalan Gunung Sahari, all the way to Ancol in the north.
In the southwestern corner of the garden surrounding the mosque, there is a large pool and a grand fountain that spouts water 45 m high. The fountain only operates on Fridays during congregational salat and during Islamic holidays such as Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha. The river Ciliwung flows across the mosque complex along the eastern side of the mosque.
Imams and Muezzins
The Mihrab of Istiqlal Mosque which also shows the place of the Imam during congregation prayer (center) and the microphone used by the Muezzin for Adhan (far right)
Istiqlal Mosque has one Grand Imam, one Deputy Grand Imam, and seven imams. As of 2016 the Grand Imam is former Deputy Minister for Religious Affairs (2011–2014), Nasaruddin Umar and the Chairman of Istiqlal Mosque is the former Indonesian Ambassador to Syria (2006–2010), Muhammad Muzammil Basyuni.Previous Grand Imams include Zaini Miftah (1970–1980), Mukhtar Nasir (1980–2004), Nasrullah Djamaluddin (2004–2005) and Ali Mustafa Yaqub (2005–2015). The current Deputy Grand Imam is Al Hajj Syarifuddin Muhammad, former chairman of the Indonesian Hafiz Association.
There are seven other imams who lead daily prayers at the mosque:
Muhammad Salim Ghazali
Ahmad Husni Ismail
Muhasyim Abdul Madjid
Ahmad Rofiuddin Mahfudz
In addition, the Istiqlal Mosque also has seven Muezzins in charge of Calling for Prayer and provides teaching services about the Quran and Islam. They are:
Muhdori Abdur Razzaq
Saiful Anwar al-Bintani
US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama with Grand Imam Kyai al-Hajj Ali Musthafa Ya’qub at the Istiqlal Mosque, Nov. 10, 2010
Following US President Barack Obama and his wife’s visit to the Istiqal Mosque in November 2010, about 20 visitors per day have come to tour the mosque.Among foreign dignitaries who have visited Istiqlal mosque are former US president Bill Clinton;President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad;former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi; Prince Charles of United Kingdom; Li Yuanchao, Vice President of the Communist Party of China; President of Chile Sebastián Piñera; Heinz Fischer, the President of Austria; Jens Stoltenberg, the Prime Minister of Norway,and German Chancellor Angela Merkel in 2012. King Salman Of Saudi Arabia visited the mosque during his Indonesia tour in March 2017.