بِسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Firoun looked at Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam with disgust and anger.
Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam was from the Bani Israeel tribe. A tribe that had migrated to Egypt. They were foreigners, of low social standing. Most of them were lowly slaves or held low posts in society.
On the other other hand, Firoun was the king of the land. People worshipped him. He was powerful. He controlled the Bani Israeel. And now the Bani Israeel, led by Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam were opposing Firoun. They did not want to worship Firoun.
But on that festival day, Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam had disgraced Firoun. Firoun brought his biggest magicians to challenge Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam. And Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam came out triumphant. Even the magicians accepted Islam at the feet of Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam.
Firoun was furious. He was thirsty for a bloody revenge.
That night, Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam gathered his people and they fled. Firoun pursued them with his army. But the Bani Israeel were fast and ahead. They ran as fast as they could until they reached the sea. There was no more land to run on. They were between the devil and the deep sea. Firoun was closing in on them.
Some of the Bani Israeel asked Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam, did Allah command you to bring us here?
Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam answered, Yes. He picked up his staff and struck it at the shore. The sea split, making a pathway.
In a truly epic moment, the Bani Israeel continued their run to freedom. They were running on the sea bed. Firoun was on their heels and he too entered the sea, walking on the sea bed. But the sea closed in on Firoun and his men. They drowned and the Bani Israeel marched on to freedom.
Firoun had tortured the Bani Israeel, even killing their children. Firoun would drown their newborns in water. It was his claim to be god; who causes death. But on that day, the world was shown that Firoun who had been drowning children had now himself been drowned. He had no power over his own life.
It was a triumphant day for the Bani Israeel. Firoun was oppressive on them. He practiced apartheid on them, only allowing them to be slaves or hold menial jobs. It was also a triumphant day for Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam and Islam. The man who claimed to be god was shown that Allah Taala has control over life and death.
Allah Ta’aala captured this incident in the Quran, so that it can teach us and we can remember it always. Allah Ta’aala says to Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam, ‘and make remembrance to them concerning the Days of Allah. Certainly in it are signs to all those who are patient; thankful. And certainly that time Musa said to his people: make remembrance of Allah’s favour on you, the time when you were saved from the party of Firoun (Surah Ibraheem v 5,6)
First Allah Ta’aala says to Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam to remind his people about the Days of Allah. In response, Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam reminds them about the day that they were saved from Firoun and his people. This teaches us that the Quran regards the day on which the Bani Israeel were saved from Firoun as amongst Days of Allah and it should be remembered.
Sahabi ibn Abbaas Radi Allahu Anhuma and others have explained that the date on which this occurred was 10 Muharram, the Day of Ashura. (Imam Bayhaqi)
Another interesting point is that Ayat says that remembering this day is a sign for every patient; thankful person. RasoolAllah SallAllahu Alaihe Wasallam said that Imaan lies between patience and thankfulness. Thus this verse means that remembering this day is for each and every believer. (Derive Tafseer Imam Qurtubi)
So we find that Nabi Musa Alayhis Salaam made his people remember this day of Ashura and the Quran teaches that all believers should also remember it.
Thus RasoolAllah SallAllahu Alaihe Wasallam had told us that the Yahood observe fast on this day, and we too should observe fast on the Day of Ashura but we should differentiate ourselves by adding one more fast on the 9th or the 11th of Muharram.
As we approach the Day of Ashura, let us remember this lesson from the Quran, that Islam was triumphant over Firoun on this day and Allah Ta’aala calls it a Day of Allah. Furthermore the Quran wants us to remember this day and this great incident.
Encourage our families to fast on this day and the preceding/following it, just as RasoolAllah SallAllahu Alaihe Wasallam himself did.
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